【中英双语】了解专家服务器上的ATIS信息

Hello!
I am here today to explain how ATIS works as an expert server and what is its usefulness.
I know that many people know its usefulness, but like everyone else, you have taken, either alone or with the help of someone, so I would like to speak to everyone and especially to those who are in casual Server and Training, so that you can learn more about ATIS.

So, let’s begin

你好!
我今天在这里解释一下ATIS作为一个专家服务器是如何工作的以及它的用处是什么。
我知道很多人都知道它的用处,但和大家一样,你也曾独自或在别人的帮助用过,所以我想和大家说说,特别是对那些在CS服务器和TS服务器的人,让你们能更多地了解ATIS。

那么,让我们开始吧

As in reality, the ATIS (Automatic Terminal Information Service) is an automatic message is an automatic broadcast service. It allows pilots to receive continuous information on the busiest airports.
Thanks to ATIS, you will know which runways are open, closed, wind direction etc…

With the picture you will make below, I will explain word by word the meaning of this information.

Please note that this information is not there to make the weather nice but is useful!

在现实中,ATIS(自动终端信息服务)是一种自动信息广播服务。它使飞行员能够收到最繁忙机场的连续信息。
多亏ATIS,你将知道哪些跑道是开放的、关闭的、风向等等。

通过下面的图片,我将逐字逐句地解释这些信息的含义。

请注意,这些信息并不是为了让天气变好,而是很有用的!


It is obvious, it knows indeed of the name of the airport, for here, I went to take the ATIS of this airport.

很明显,它确实知道机场的名字,因为在这里,我去获取了这个机场的ATIS。

You’ve probably noticed, the name ATIS is never the same, sometimes it’s ALPHA, then another time Charlie etc…

This code name is useful and changes every time the weather conditions change, here is an example :

  • Imagine that we are under the CHARLIE Information, and the wind goes to the right, then 1 hour later, the wind goes to the left, the information will not be the same, the runways will change sides, so new information to ATIS will be made, and we will switch to the DELTA Information.

你可能已经注意到了,ATIS的名字从来都是一样的,有时候是ALPHA,然后又是CHARLIE等等。

这个代号很有用,每当天气状况发生变化时就会改变,下面是一个例子。

  • 想象一下,我们在CHARLIE信息下,风向向右转,1小时后,风向向左转,信息就不一样了,跑道会改变方向,所以会向ATIS提供新的信息,我们会切换到DELTA信息。

As you can see, I took the screenshot at 17:13, and the information is 1708 (17:08 ), this is indeed the time when the last ATIS information was made.

ZULU time is the universal time, for example, in Rapid City, it was 11:13, however, I had the right to UTC ( Zulu ) time of 17:13, if you have a good knowledge of Geography, you should know that universal time is based on the Greenwich meridian, which passes through London.

正如你所看到的,我在17:13拍摄的截图,信息是1708(17:08 ),这的确是最后一次ATIS信息的时间。

ZULU时间是世界时间,例如,在拉皮德市,是11:13,然而,我的UTC(ZULU)时间是17:13,如果你有良好的地理知识,你应该知道,世界时间是基于本初子午线,它经过伦敦的。

310 corresponds to the direction of the wind, WARNING, not to be confused with direction and origin, the wind comes from 310° and does not go to 310°!

6 corresponds to the wind speed, ( in KTS )

  • To have its real speed in Mp/h, you must do the number of KTS * 1.151 | Example: 6 * 1.151 = 6.90468 --) 7 Mp/H

  • To have its real speed in Km/h, you have to do the number of KTS * 1,852 | Example : 6 * 1,852 = 11,112 --) 11 Km/h

310对应的是风向,:warning:警告:warning:,不要与方向和原点相混淆,风来自310°,而不是到310°!

6对应的是风速,(单位:KTS)。

  • 要想获得以Mp/h为单位的实际速度,你必须将KTS的数值1.151 | 例如:61.151=6.90468 --) 7 Mp/H

  • 要得到以Km/h为单位的实际速度,你必须将KTS的数值*1,852 | 例:6 * 1,852 = 11,112 --) 11 Km/h

Although you can see it for yourself, it is still useful to take it into account,
Visibility 10 corresponds to 10 miles, in a term like this, it is called 10SM (Statute Miles).

To convert it into Km ( kilometer ), just do SM * 1,609
For example: 10 * 1.609 = 16.0934 --) 16km.

虽然你可以自己看到,但考虑到这一点还是很有用的。
能见度10对应于10英里,在这样的术语中,它被称为10SM(法定英里)。

要把它转换成Km(公里),只需将SM * 1,609
例如:10 * 1.609 = 16.0934 --) 16公里。

On the ATIS, the temperature is given in degrees Celsius (°C), in reality, it is important to take this into account, because we are not safe from icing or other problems.

在ATIS上,温度是以摄氏度(℃)为单位的,在现实中,必须考虑到这一点,因为我们不可能安全地避免结冰或其他问题。

The dew point or dew temperature is the temperature below which dew naturally settles, for the case of -1, the dew point appears from -1 °C Celsius.

露点或露水温度是指露水自然沉降的温度,对于-1的情况,露点从-1℃出现。

The altimeter (barometric) is an instrument capable of indicating an altitude based on atmospheric pressure. Indeed, atmospheric pressure decreases with altitude (plus or minus 1hpa/30ft).

高度计(气压计)是一种能够根据大气压力来显示高度的仪器。事实上,大气压力随着高度的增加而降低(正负1hpa/30ft)。

LADR 2

It seems logical that an airplane can not take off without runways, like everyone else, before each runway use, you make sure if the runway is open or not by judging the three colors (green, amber and red), however, these colors are just indications and their information is not always important to follow.

Here is a table taken from the User Guide to give you an idea of how the colors are programmed :

飞机没有跑道就不能起飞,这似乎是合乎逻辑的,像其他人一样,在每次使用跑道之前,你通过判断三种颜色(绿色、黄色和红色)来确定跑道是否开放,然而,这些颜色只是参考,他们的信息并不总是重要的,要遵循的。

下面是一个取自用户指南的表格,让你了解颜色是如何编程的。

According to the rule, it is possible to land on a runway with the red indication up to 10kts maximum.

In reality, if the wind is rather calm enough, the controllers can open a certain runway for better visual conditions for the pilots .

Let’s imagine that we are in the morning, very calm wind. and that runway 08 is in the middle of a dazzling sun, if it doesn’t cause any problem, the pilot can change the side of the runway, and replace it with runway 26.

On the ATIS, the controller already gives you an idea of which runway you are going to use for takeoff or landing.
If you are ever on an airport that is not controlled and you don’t know which runway to take, I advise you to use the Windy site which gives you additional information on what you need.

根据规定,在最高10kts的情况下,可以在红色指示的跑道上降落。

在现实中,如果风势足够平静,管制员可以打开某条跑道,为飞行员提供更好的视觉条件。

让我们想象一下,我们是在早上,风很平静。08号跑道在耀眼的阳光下,如果不造成任何问题,飞行员可以改变跑道的一侧,用26号跑道代替它。

在ATIS上,管制员已经给你一个想法,你将使用哪条跑道起飞或降落。
如果你有一天在一个不受控制的机场,你不知道该走哪条跑道,我建议你使用Windy网站,它给你提供了你需要的额外信息。

This is the last sentence you will hear from ATIS, it will ask you each time to confirm with a name from the Military Alphabet to make sure you are up to date on the airport information.
For example, let’s imagine that you consulted the ATIS at 12:05 under the code name: ALPHA with runway 26 open, then at 12:35, the wind changed sides and it is runway 08 which is now open, the ATIS information will therefore change under the name BRAVO, if you ask for an intention with the name Alpha, the controller will therefore understand that you are not as up to date as the ATIS, and he will therefore redirect you to it.

这是你从ATIS听到的最后一句话,它每次都会要求你用军事字母表中的一个名字来确认,以确保你能得到最新的机场信息。
例如,让我们设想一下,你在12:05咨询ATIS,代号为:ALPHA,26号跑道开放,然后在12:35,风向改变,现在是08号跑道开放,ATIS的信息因此会在BRAVO这个名字下改变,如果你要求用Alpha这个名字的意向,管制员因此会明白你没有ATIS的最新信息,他因此会重新引导你。

Additional atis options 额外的atis选项

It is very likely that other things will be said in the ATIS, for example, FNF events, or a very busy airport where we must not allow light aircraft.
There is a category on the official IF website that explains all the options about the ATIS and Remarks / Notams.

很有可能在ATIS中说其他事情,例如FNF事件,或一个非常繁忙的机场,我们必须不允许轻型飞机。
在IF的官方网站上有一个分类,解释了关于ATIS和备注/通知的所有选项。

I would like to thank two people who helped me to write the topic :

@Nono45_FR For teaching me for a long time about the world of air traffic control and helping me to write this topic.

@Baba For giving me a site to design and make the topic more attractive to read.

我想感谢两个帮助我写这个主题的人。

@Nono45_FR 在很长一段时间里教我了解空中交通管制的世界,并帮助我写这个主题。

@Baba 给了我一个网站来设计,使这个题目更吸引人阅读。

Here are the sources I used to write the tutorial :
以下是我在编写教程时使用的资料来源:

ATIS

4.1 ATIS | Infinite Flight User Guide


原文链接:

原文作者:Evannl

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好活好活,谢谢piggy

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