【中英双语】非官方的起降数据档案[A330]


Harrison Lake, Vancouver, Canada 哈里森湖,加拿大温哥华

Welcome to the Unofficial Takeoff and Landing Profiles guide for the A330-300! This gorgeous aircraft comes with two engine variants, the Trent 700 and the GE CF6. Differing from other dual engine, wide body, long haul aircraft, the A330 will be a surprise in regards to its performance in the upper flight levels. The A330 is known for its rather sluggish performance when nearing cruise altitudes. Do not be surprised if you find yourself starting off at a lower cruise altitude such as FL320 for your long haul flight. Be patient and allow it to burn off its fuel before attempting to climb higher. Step climbing will be an absolute must for those long haul flights. Read more about step climbing found here: Step Climbs and Cruising Altitudes | Infinite Flight

This brief guide should get you into the air as well as on your way to a successful landing in just a few minutes. The table below should be pretty self explanatory for the most part, but please don’t hesitate to ask any questions you may have. Please read through the notes sections throughout the topic as well as at the end of this tutorial for further clarification on some of the items found within the table.

欢迎来到A330-300的非官方起飞和降落简介指南!这架华丽的飞机有两个发动机变体,即Trent 700和GE CF6。与其他双引擎、宽体、长途飞机不同的是,A330在上层飞行的性能方面将是一个惊喜。A330以其在接近巡航高度时相当迟缓的性能而闻名。A330以其相当迟钝而著称,如果你发现自己在长途飞行中以较低的巡航高度(如FL320)开始,请不要感到惊讶,因为在接近巡航高度时,性能会很差。要有耐心,让它烧掉燃料后再尝试爬高。阶梯爬升将是那些长途飞行的绝对必要条件。阅读更多关于阶梯爬升的信息,请点击这里:Step Climbs and Cruising Altitudes | Infinite Flight

这个简短的指南应该能让你在短短几分钟内进入空中,并走上成功着陆的道路。下面的表格在大多数情况下应该是不言自明的,但请不要犹豫,提出你可能有的任何问题。请阅读整个主题和本教程末尾的注释部分,以进一步澄清表格中的一些项目。

Bonus: There is a Quick Reference Guide at the end of this tutorial. You’re more than welcome to download and save the PDF for imminent and future use.
奖励:在本教程的最后有一个快速参考指南。我们非常欢迎你下载并保存这个PDF文件,以便于近期和将来使用。

Table of Contents 目录

:airplane: Purpose 目的
:airplane: Conditions 条件
:airplane: Takeoff & Landing Table 起降表格
:airplane: Flaps 襟翼
:airplane: General Notes 一般注意事项
:airplane: A330 QRG A330 快速参考指南


Purpose 目的:

The purpose of this guide is to provide you with ball park speeds, flap settings, and power settings to get you in the air and onto the runway in one piece. These values are not 100% accurate as each flight is different. Weather, airport elevation, weight, runway length and other factors will affect your these values.

本指南的目的是为您提供速度、襟翼设置和动力设置,让您在空中完美地飞上跑道。这些数值并不是100%准确的,因为每个航班都是不同的。天气、机场海拔、重量、跑道长度和其他因素都会影响这些数值。


Conditions 条件:

Tests were conducted at Honolulu International Airport (PHNL)
我们在火奴鲁鲁国际机场(PHNL)进行了测试。
/// Airport Elev. 13ft 机场高度 13英尺 \\\

  • Winds Calm 风平浪静
  • Runway 08R 跑道08R
  • Temperature Standard (15˚C) 温度标准(15˚C)
  • All initial pitch angles were 15˚ nose up until 1000ft. AFE (Above Field Elevation) before pitch was dropped to increase speed 所有的初始俯角都是15˚机头,直到1000英尺。俯仰角下降以提高速度前的AFE(场面高度以上)。
  • Heavy Departure/Landing conducted at 80% load. Adjust as necessary. 在80%的负荷下进行重型起降。必要时调整。

Load 装载 % Takeoff Power 起飞动力 Takeoff Flaps 起飞襟翼 V1 Rotate 拉杆速度 Landing Flaps 落地襟翼 Final App. ‡ Flare/Touchdown 触地
25% 85% = 89% N1 Flaps 1+F 120kts 125kts Flaps Full 140kts 135kts
50% 88% = 91% N1 Flaps 2** 144kts 145kts Flaps Full 145kts 140kts
75% 92% = 94% N1 Flaps 2** 148kts 150kts Flaps Full 156kts 151kts
>75%*** 96% = 97% N1 Flaps 2** 149kts 151kts Flaps Full 163kts 158kts

  • Landing flare pitch should be about 2.5˚ nose up.

  • Descent rate should not exceed -1000ft/min on final approach. When fully configured (gear/flaps) extended -800ft/min to -900ft/min is optimal

  • 着陆照明灯仰角在机头向上2.5˚左右。

  • 在最终进场时,下降速度不应超过-1000英尺/分钟。当完全配置时(起落架/襟翼)扩展到-800英尺/分钟到-900英尺/分钟是最佳状态


**Note 注: Depending on the length of runway, weight, terrain and other considerations, a higher flap setting may be desired.
根据跑道的长度、重量、地形和其他考虑因素,可能需要较高的襟翼设置。

***Heavy Departures/Landings 重型起飞/降落: Takeoffs over 75% may result in takeoff over Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW). This may also result in runway overruns. This could lead to overweight landings depending on your configuration. Consider all factors and risks.
超过75%的起飞可能会导致超过最大起飞重量(MTOW)的起飞。这也可能导致跑道超限。根据您的配置,这可能导致超重降落。考虑所有因素和风险

‡ Note ‡注: APPR is disabled for landings greater than the load below for where the Maximum Landing Weight (MLW) lies:
对于最大着陆重量(MLW)位于以下载荷的着陆,APPR将被禁用:

  • 49%

Flaps 襟翼:

For reference the flap and various limitations for each setting are listed below. These can also be found in the cockpit of the 757 on the flap indicator gauge, to the left of the gear lever.

下面列出了襟翼和各种限制的设置,供参考。这些也可以在757飞机驾驶舱内的挡杆左边的襟翼指示表上找到。

Flaps 襟翼 Speed Limitation 速度限制 Phase of Flt. 飞行阶段
1 240 kts Takeoff 起飞
1+F 215 kts Takeoff/Appr. 起飞/进近
2 196 kts Takeoff/Appr. 起飞/进近
3 186 kts Takeoff/Appr./Land 起飞/进近/落地
Full 180 kts Landing 落地

General Notes 一般说明:

  • For 25-50% loads, Flaps 1+F & 2 was used for data
    对于25-50%的荷载,襟翼1+F & 2用于起飞。
  • For 75-100% load, Flaps 2 was used for data
    对于75-100%的负荷,襟翼2用于起飞
  • "Rotate 拉杆速度" indicates a speed at which you should commence the rotation. Once positive rate is established, retract the gear. Wait on retracting flaps until 1000ft AGL/AFE
    表示你应该以一个速度开始拉杆。一旦确定了正速率,就收起起落架。等待收起襟翼,直到1000英尺高度/AFE
  • Takeoff Power 起飞动力- The first percentage is your throttle amount. The second value is the N1 read out as indicated in green above your throttle.
    第一个百分比是你的油门量。第二个值是N1读出的数值,在你的油门上方绿色显示。
  • 100% throttle should never be used. 绝对不能使用100%的油门。 Aircraft in the real world very rarely exceed 100% as this is mainly used for emergencies only.
    飞机在现实世界中很少超过100%,因为这主要只用于紧急情况。
  • 20-25% trim was used to conduct these tests
    进行这些测试时使用了20-25%的配平

Note 注: Fuel flow, thrust and other aircraft performance factors may apply.
燃料流量、推力和其他飞机性能因素可能会适用

Airbus 330 QRG 空客330 快捷指南:

If you would like a quick reference guide, you’re more than welcome to utilize this one that I’ve condensed into a 1 page sheet. It has just about everything you’ll want to know in terms of “What do I use for takeoff/cruise/landing?” and “When do I add/remove flaps or power?”. Below is a screenshot of what this document looks like as well as a PDF download link for that crisp picture and saving for future use.

如果你想要一个快速的参考指南,你肯定会很喜欢利用这个我浓缩成1页纸的指南。它几乎包含了所有你想知道的 “起飞/巡航/着陆干什么?”“什么时候添加/移除襟翼或动力?”。以下是该文件的截图,以及PDF下载链接,以便于日后使用。


Questions 问题?

Feel free to add any questions or other helpful tips/pointers that you may find beneficial to others and myself or our helpful community members will gladly address those.

Please also check out other guides I have created for other recently new/reworked aircraft. I plan on making this “unofficial” series a regular thing as aircraft are reworked or new from the factory as a handful of folks seem to appreciate the quick start information.

欢迎添加任何问题或其他有用的提示,你可能会发现这些问题对其他人有益,而我和我们的社区成员也很乐意解决这些问题。

也请查看我为其他最近的新飞机/返修飞机创建的其他指南。我计划把这个 "非官方 "的系列变成一个定期的事情,因为有一些人似乎很欣赏快速指南的信息,飞机也是返工的或新出厂的。

Have fun! :airplane:
玩得开心!:flight_departure:


原文链接:

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很好,这会对我们非常有帮助!

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希望下次能够发一下330如何二次接地【笑脸】

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好哦!看情况鸽一下 :chigua:

也建议康下这个哦

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