【中英双语】使用 737-800/900的襟翼

Introduction

介绍

Hi everyone! I’ve seen an increase in the amount of people flying the 737-800/900 on Live. Some of these people act like experts when they use flaps, others, not so much. This is a tutorial on how to correctly use flaps on the Boeing 737-800/900 aircraft.

大家好!我看到在线上模式中飞737-800 / 900的人数有所增加。 这些人中的一些人在使用襟翼时表现得像专家,而其他人却不太好。这是有关如何在波音737-800 / 900飞机上正确使用襟翼的教程。

在阅读本主题前,我建议您仔细阅读 737-800 / 900上的教程,然后回到这里,对襟翼进行更深入的解释。

Before reading this topic, I’d recommend reading through this tutorial on the 737-800/900, then coming back here for a more in depth explanation on flaps.


About the 737-800/900

关于737-800 / 900

The 737-800 is a short to medium haul aircraft made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. The 737-800 is in service with a ton of airlines world-wide. The main operators of the 737-800 are Ryanair, Southwest, and United. The 737-900 is a stretched version of the -800, with more capacity. It has the same MTOW weight, even though it is bigger.

737-800是波音商用飞机制造的中短途飞机。 737-800在全球范围内的众多航空公司中都有使用。737-800的主要运营商是瑞安航空,西南航空和联合航空。737-900是-800的扩展版本,具有更大的容量。即使它更大,它的MTOW重量也相同。

image

Here you can easily see the flaps on the 737-800.

在这里,您可以轻松看到737-800上的襟翼。
(原图因版权问题无法使用,已替换)


Flaps on the 737-800/900

737-800 / 900的襟翼

There are 8 flap settings on the 737-800/900, with each having a different angle. These different angles allow the pilots to control how much lift the wings generate. Here are the angles below.

737-800 / 900上有8个襟翼设置,每个都有不同角度。这些不同的角度允许飞行员控制机翼产生多少升力。下面是这些角度

Flaps 1 -
Flaps 2 - 11°
Flaps 5 - 14°
Flaps 10 - 19°
Flaps 15 - 22°
Flaps 25 - 26°
Flaps 30 - 35°
Flaps 40 - 46°

襟翼 1 -
襟翼 2 - 11°
襟翼 5 - 14°
襟翼 10 - 19°
襟翼 15 - 22°
襟翼 25 - 26°
襟翼 30 - 35°
襟翼 40 - 46°

As you can see, each flap settings have varying angles which produce varying amounts of lift. But, how do you use these in the correct airspeed?

如您所见,每个襟翼设置都有不同的角度,这些角度会产生不同的升力。 但是,如何在正确的空速下使用它们呢?


Flaps and Airspeeds

襟翼与空速

You use different amounts of flaps in different airspeeds. If you want more lift, you need more flaps, and vice versa. Here are the airspeeds in which each setting of flaps should be used to prevent damage, and maximize lift.

您在不同的空速中应使用不同角度的襟翼。 如果您想要更多的提升力,则需要更大角度的襟翼,反之亦然。 在这些空速下,应使用对应襟翼设置来防止损坏并最大程度地提升升力。

Flaps Up - 210KTS
Flaps 1 - 190KTS
Flaps 5 - 170KTS
Flaps 10 - 160KTS
Flaps 30 - 130KTS
Flaps 40 - 120KTS

襟翼收起 - 210KTS
襟翼 1 - 190KTS
襟翼 5 - 170KTS
襟翼 10 - 160KTS
襟翼 30 - 130KTS
襟翼 40 - 120KTS

Flaps 2, 15, and 25 are not normally used during flight hence why they are not on this list. Flaps 5, 15 and 25 are primarily used for takeoffs.
襟翼2、15和25通常在飞行过程中不使用,因此为什么不在此列表中。襟翼5、15和25主要用于起飞。
In adverse weather conditions, taxi with the wing flaps up and then set takeoff flaps during your Before Takeoff checklist procedure.
在不利的天气条件下,请在起飞前检查清单程序中,将襟翼抬起滑行,然后设置起飞襟翼。
When extending or retracting the flaps, use the next appropriate flap setting depending on whether you’re slowing down or speeding up.
伸展或缩回襟翼时,请根据要减速还是加速使用下一个合适的襟翼设置。

Conclusion

总结

I hope you learned something new from this tutorial! I went as in depth as I could while still being simple. If you have any questions about the 737-800/900, just ask, I’d love to answer them. Thanks for reading this, and hopefully we can all become better pilots together!

希望您从本教程中学到了新知识! 在保持简单的同时,我尽可能地深入。 如果您对737-800 / 900有任何疑问,请问,我很乐意回答。 感谢您阅读本文,希望我们都能一起成为更好的飞行员!



原图因版权问题无法使用
原作者:Matt737
原文链接:

2赞

该主题在最后一个回复创建后200天后自动关闭。不再允许新的回复。